Baroque style was popular throughout Europe and Latin America. The buildings are different from country to country, but they were united into one architectural style, mostly because of convenience of summarizing the art definition of the period, but also because of their common aesthetic origin.

Baroque architecture represents spectacle and illusion. The term itself, comes from the Portuguese "barocco", meaning irregularity, oddly shaped pearl in Spanish, while in Italian it means pedantic. That is a little twist of the dialectic value. Nevertheless, the term became synonym almost in all European languages for the extravagance, deformed, abnormal, unusual, absurd and irregular. The straight lines, which characterized Renaissance, were replaced with flowing curves, roofs were enlarged, buildings were carefully constructed to present spectacular effects of light and shade.

The two most popular types of architectural operations in Baroque period implicated churches and palaces. The style applied on cathedrals, parish churches, monastic buildings, town and country mansions, above all royal palaces. Royal palaces were especially typical for that period. Beside all mentioned above, Baroque architecture also characterized by what we now know as town planning: the certain cities arrangement according to a predefined schemes. That includes planned regular great parks and gardens around residences.

The Baroque period was one of the most exciting times for European architecture. During this period, from the end of the 16th century to the dawn of the 18th century, European architecture exploded in novel directions. Regular, repeating designs gave way to curves and irregularity, as various styles were mixed and adapted. Yet this variety was regulated for the purposes of symmetry and grandeur.

This style started in Italy, it takes the Roman elements of Renaissance style and develop them into a more theatrical and dramatic elements.

Baroque style of architecture has heavy forms massive in size. Buildings are more fragmented. Architects were leaving some elements on buildings incomplete. Walls of such buildings are curved, to create a feeling of constant movement. The main entrance has rich architectural and ornamental elements. Surface of buildings are a continuously whole, with few columns, pilasters, and arches. Buildings are rectangular and can be very massive in size. Surface of buildings concentrate a lot of ornaments and decoration, made from different materials.

Examples of Baroque architecture

St Peter 's Basillica Vatican City, architects Michlangelo, Giacomo della Porta, Carlo Maderno

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Church of the Gesu Rome, Iraly, architects Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Giacomo della Porta

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Wallenstein Palace Prague, Czech Republic, architects Giovanni de Galliano, Pieroni, Andrea Spezza, Niccolo Sebregondi

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Chateau de Versailles Versailles, France, architects Jules Hardouin Mansart, Louis Le Vau, Andre Le Notre (gardens) and others

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St Paul 's Cathedral London, England, architect Christopher Wren

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Troja Palace Prague, Czech Republic, architects Jean Baptiste Mathey, Giovanni Domenico Orsi

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Blenheim Palace Woodstock, England, architect Sir John Vanbrugh

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Zwinger Palace Dresden, Germany, architect Matthaus Daniel Poppelmann

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Peterhof Palace St.Petersburg, Russia, architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli

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The High Street screen of Queen 's College Oxford, England, architect Nicholas Hawksmoor

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Red Gate Moscow, Russia, architect Dmitry Ukhtomsky

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Sources

Styles timeline Link
Famous objects of Baroque style in the world and architectures Link
Baroque style definition and characteristics Link Link Link Link
10 masterpieces of Baroque Artchitecture Link
The source of images Link

2015-12-22